口腔疾病防治 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (11): 702–705.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2017.11.005

• 第四次全国口腔健康流行病学调查 • 上一篇    下一篇

广东省35~44岁人群恒牙冠根龋病抽样调查报告(2015—2016年)

李世轶1, 李剑波1, 范卫华1, 赵望泓2, 黄艳梅1, 黄少宏1   

  1. 1. 南方医科大学口腔医院, 广东 广州(510280);
    2. 南方医科大学南方医院, 南方医科大学口腔医学院,广东 广州(510080)
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-08 修回日期:2017-10-16 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 黄少宏,主任医师,学士, Email:hsh.china@tom.com
  • 作者简介:李世轶,医师,硕士, Email:lsysnowman2005@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家卫计委科教司2015年度公益性行业科研专项项目(201502002)

A sampling survey of permanent crown-root caries in 35-44-year-old population in Guangdong Province (2015-2016)

LI Shiyi1, LI Jianbo1, FAN Weihua1, ZHAO Wanghong2, HUANG Yanmei1, HUANG Shaohong1   

  1. 1. Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, China;
    2. Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University & Stomatological College of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510080, China
  • Received:2017-09-08 Revised:2017-10-16 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20
  • Contact: Huang Shaohong, Email: hsh.china@tom.com, Tel: 0086-20-84233781

摘要: 目的 了解广东省35~44岁人群恒牙冠根龋病状况,为广东省口腔卫生保健工作提供信息支持。方法 采用多阶段分层等容量随机抽样的方法,抽取广东省35~44岁288人,男女各半,城乡各半。按照《第四次全国口腔健康流行病学调查方案》中临床牙列检查方法和标准,使用CPI探针检查全口恒牙冠根龋病情况,计算冠根龋患病率、龋均、充填率。结果 35~44岁组恒牙冠龋患病率为71.18%,龋均为2.76,充填率为36.78%;根龋患病率为28.47%,龋均为0.66,充填率为4.23%。冠龋患病率、龋均女性高于男性,差异有统计学意义,城乡差异无统计学意义;根龋患病率、龋均的城乡、性别差异无统计学意义。结论 广东省35~44岁成年人恒牙冠龋患病率较高,而根龋患病率虽然不高,但大部分根龋未得到治疗。

关键词: 龋病, 恒牙, 成人, 口腔流行病学, 横断面调查

Abstract: Objective To investigate the current status of caries on permanent teeth in adult population at the age of 35-44 years old in Guangdong Province, thus to provide scientific basis for the establishment of oral health care policies in Guangdong. Methods An equal-sized stratified multi-stage randomly sampling design was applied to obtain representative sample groups consisted of 288 Guangdong residents each, aged at 35-44 years old, with a gender ratio of half to half. The caries on the crowns and roots of permanent teeth were assessed according to The Guideline for the 4th National Oral Health Survey; thereafter the prevalence and mean DFT (decayed and filled tooth) of permanent teeth were calculated. The data obtained were analyzed using SAS9.2 package. Results In 35-44 year-old population, the prevalence of crown caries was 71.18%, with a mean DFT of 2.76, and a filled rate of 36.78%; while the prevalence of root caries was 28.47%, with a mean DFT of 0.66, and a filled rate of 4.23%. The prevalence of caries of crown and root and mean DFT of crown caries were higher in countryside when compared to the urban opponents. And female had higher prevalence and mean DFT score in crown and root caries when compared to male. However, the mean DFT score of root caries in urban was almost the same as that in countryside. Conclusion There was a high level of crown caries in Guangdong. Although the prevalence of root caries is low, most of the involved roots was not filled.

Key words: Caries, Permanent tooth, Adult, Oral epidemiology, Cross-sectional survey

中图分类号: 

  • R781.1
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